Contestations of Data, ECJ Safe Harbor Ruling and Lessons for India

The European Court of Justice has invalidated a European Commission decision, which had previously concluded that the ‘Safe Harbour Privacy Principles’ provide adequate protections for European citizens’ privacy rights for the transfer of personal data between European Union and United States. The inadequacies of the framework is not news for the European Commission and action by ECJ has been a long time coming. The ruling raises important questions about how the claims of citizenship are being negotiated in the context of the internet, and how increasingly the contestations of personal data are being employed in the discourse. Continue reading “Contestations of Data, ECJ Safe Harbor Ruling and Lessons for India”

The Internet Has a New Standard for Censorship

The introduction of the new 451 HTTP Error Status Code for blocked websites is a big step forward in cataloguing online censorship, especially in a country like India where access to information is routinely restricted.  Continue reading “The Internet Has a New Standard for Censorship”